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Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 28-10-2015

Resolution No.(95) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:
    “ Ruling on Zakat-ul-Fitr “    
Date: 9/9/1426 AH, corresponding to 12/10/2005.

Question:
What is the ruling on Zakat-ul-Fitr ?
Answer: All success is due to Allah.
Zakat-ul-Fitr is the Zakat due in Ramadan on every Muslim who can afford to give it, whether young or old, male or female. Ibn Umar narrated: “Allah's Apostle enjoined the payment of one Sa' of dates or one Sa' of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the 'Id prayer. (One Sa' = 3 Kilograms approx).”{Bukhari}.
It has been enjoined for what is mentioned in the following Hadith: Ibn ’Abbas (RAA) narrated, ‘The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) enjoined Zakat-ul-fitr on the one who fasts (i.e. fasted during the month of Ramadan) to purify him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid prayer and it is Sadaqah (i.e. voluntary charity) for the person who pays it after the Eid prayer.’ Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah and Al-Hakim graded it as Sahih.
A Muslim is obliged to give for himself and on behalf of those whom he is obliged to provide for: wife, children,  his Muslim servants, and his baby who is born before the Eid prayer.
Zakat-ul-Fitr is one Sa' of dates or one Sa' of barley or the like from the regular food of the people of that country. A Muslim is free to choose from these items in accordance with his financial capability, and it is permissible to give the monetary value of the Sa`, so as to facilitate for Muslims and do what is best for the poor. The monetary value of the Sa` of each item is estimated by the circulated price of that item. In the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the regular food is wheat; therefore, the monetary value of Zakat-ul-Fitr for the year(2005) was estimated at six hundred and fifty fils as a minimum, and whoever gives more Allah will multiply his reward.
Its due time is after the sunset of Eid night and before the Eid prayer. This is based on the Hadith narrated by Ibn Umar: “The Prophet ordered the people to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr before going to the 'Id prayer.”{Bukhari}. However, it is permissible to give it during Ramadan to facilitate for the poor. And Allah knows best.


Iftaa` Board
Chairman of the Iftaa` Board, Chief Justice, Izzaldeen Al-Tamimi
Dr. AbdulMajeed Al-Salaheen
Dr. Abdulsalam Al-Abbadi
Dr. Yousef Ghyzaan
Dr. Wasif Al-Bakhri
Dr. Abdukareem Al-Khasawneh
Sheikh Sae`id Hijjawi
Sheikh Nae`im Mujahid

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