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Summarized Fatwas on Obligatory Charity(Zakat)


Summarized Fatwas on Obligatory Charity(Zakat)

Question: Should the Zakah(obligatory charity) giver tell the poor recipient that this is the Zakah of his money?

Answer: No, he shouldn`t. But, the Zakah giver should make an intention in his heart that it is the Zakah of his money when he gives it to the poor.

 

Question: Is Zakah due on a woman`s jewelry?

Answer: Zakah(obligatory charity) isn`t due on a woman`s jewelry used for ornament, provided that the value of each peace is within the  range common amongst people.

 

Question: Is Zakah due on a woman`s saved gold?

Answer: Zakah(obligatory charity) is due on saved gold if it reached Nissab(minimum amount liable for Zakah), and a lunar year had lapsed over owning it. The due Zakah is (2.5%).

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity) due on owned land?

Answer: Zakah is due on the land used as an article of merchandise and was originally bought for that end. Zakah is due on it at the end of every lunar year. Its value is estimated, and (2.5%) of the total value of all such lands owned by the questioner is given as Zakah. However, no Zakah is due on the land used for building a house, or an agricultural purpose.

 

Question: How to pay  Zakah(obligatory charity)  on articles of merchandise?

Answer: Articles of merchandise are estimated by their whole sale market price at the end of each lunar year, and (2.5%) of their value is paid as Zakah whether it(value) went up, or down compared to  actual purchasing price, and whether the increase(profit) was in the article itself such as an increase in the animal`s weight, or in the prices themselves.

 

Question: How is the Zakah(obligatory charity) on articles of merchandise calculated?

Answer: (2.5%) of each article`s value is paid as Zakah after a whole lunar year had lapsed.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity) due on the equipments used in the trading process such as: cars, shops etc..?

Answer: No Zakah is due on equipments used in the trading process such as cars and the like.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity) due on articles of merchandise even if they were stacked in the merchant`s stores for years?

Answer: Yes, Zakah is due on stored articles of merchandise even if they were stacked in the merchant`s stores for years because this is the way  Islam has countered monopoly.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity)due on an indebted merchant?

Answer: Debt doesn`t abrogate the dueness of Zakah, thus a debtor who has money,  articles of merchandise, or other Zakah funds at his disposal should pay Zakah from them.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity)due on land intended for selling?

Answer: Yes, lands intended for selling are evaluated, and Zakah is paid according to their estimated value  after a lunar year had lapsed, but if the owner didn`t pay the due Zakah, then he should do so after selling them.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity) due on the money saved for marriage?

Answer: Zakah is due on the money saved for marriage if it reached the Nissab(minimum amount liable for Zakah), and a whole lunar year had lapsed over possessing it.

 

Question: Is it permissible for one to give the Zakah(obligatory charity) to his indebted brother?

Answer: It is permissible for one to give the Zakah to his indebted, or poor brother.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity) due on rented property, and how is it calculated?

Answer: Zakah isn`t due on the rented property itself, but on the saved income from that property if it reached Nissab(minimum amount liable for Zakah), and a whole lunar year had lapsed over saving it.

 

Question: Is Zakah due on the orphan`s money?

Answer:  Yes, Zakah is due on the money of the orphan.

 

Question: Who should pay the Zakah(obligatory charity) from the orphan`s money?

Answer:  His/her guardian, and if the latter fails to do so, then the orphan himself/herself is obliged to pay the Zakah once he/she reaches puberty, and is capable of handling his/her own affairs.

 

Question: Is Zakah(obligatory charity) due on the Zakah money received by a poor person, and reached a Nissab( minimum amount liable for Zakah), and a whole lunar year had lapsed over having it in his possession?

Answer: Yes, the poor who possessed a Nissab for a whole lunar year is obliged to pay the Zakah due on that money even if it was given to him as a Zakah money in the first place.

 

Question: What is the amount of the Fitr Zakah(obligatory charity) of Ramadhaan?

Answer: The Fitr Zakah of Ramadhaan is a Sa`(2500 grams) from what the people of that country or state eat the most.

 

Question: Is it permissible to pay the Fitr Zakah(obligatory charity) of Ramadhaan on behalf of a dead person?

Answer: The Fitr Zakah of Ramadhaan isn`t due on one who had passed away before the sunset of the last day of Ramadhaan.

 

Question:  Is it permissible for the mother to give her children from the Zakah(obligatory charity) of her money?

Answer:  It is permissible for the mother to give her children from the Zakah of her money if they are Zakah-eligible recipients, and she isn`t obliged to provide for them.

 

Question:  Is it permissible to give Zakah(obligatory charity) to one`s poor sister, or brother?

Answer: It is permissible for one to give the Zakah to his poor sister, or  brother if providing for them isn`t due on him, and the sister doesn`t receive sufficient provision from whomever that is due on.

 

Question:  Is it permissible for the wife to give the Zakah(obligatory charity) of her money to her poor husband?

Answer:  Yes, it is permissible for the wife to give from the Zakah of her money to her poor husband.

 

Question: Is it permissible to pay the Zakah(obligatory charity) for settling the debt of a deceased relative?

Answer: It is impermissible to pay the Zakah for settling the debt of the deceased since Zakah is paid to eligible recipients who are alive. As for the debts of the deceased, they are to be settled from the estate before dividing it amongst the heirs, but if the deceased didn`t leave an estate, then it is desirable for his/her heirs to settle those debts if they can afford them.

 

Question: What is the ruling on giving Zakah(obligatory charity)to one`s relatives?

Answer: It is impermissible to pay Zakah to one`s origins( parents and grandparents) because providing for them is an obligation on their branches (sons and daughters )if they were poor, but it is permissible to give some of the Zakah money to relatives whose provision isn`t due on the giver of  the Zakah.

 

Question: Is it permissible for the children of a deceased father to settle his debt from the Zakah(obligatory charity) money due on them?

Answer: It is impermissible to use the Zakah of one`s money for settling the debts of the deceased. However, children should settle the debts of their deceased parents out of filial piety.

 

Question: Is it permissible for a person to give the Zakah(obligatory charity) to his daughter-in-law?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible for a person to give the Zakah to his daughter-in-law if she was poor, and wasn`t provided for sufficiently by whomever is obliged to provide for her.

 

Question: Who is “the poor” that is entitled to receive Zakah(obligatory charity)?

Answer: The poor is the one who has neither money nor a source of living, or has either of them, but it isn`t sufficient such as being in need for a hundred JDs, and having an income of forty JDs only.

 

Question: Is it permissible for the guardian to give Sadaqa( voluntary charity )from the money of the orphans?

Answer:  It is impermissible for the guardian to donate from the money of the orphans because he is entrusted with the safekeeping of that money, and  is prohibited from donating it.

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Question: A woman used contraceptive pills, and her menses exceeded(15) days, is it permissible for her to fast?

Answer: The maximum of menstrual blood is(15) days, but if it exceeded that due to a medication, or the like, then it is Istihadah(bleeding outside the monthly period), and in this case she should perform Ghusl(ritual bath), pray, and fast. Moreover, she  is obliged to make up for the missed fasting days which exceeded her regular menses.

 

Question: What is the ruling on making up for missed fasting after the second half of Sha`ban(the month before Ramadhaan)?

Answer: One is obliged to make up for missed fasting before the start of next Ramadhaan, and regardless of offering it during the first, or the second half of Shab`an. This is because the prohibition mentioned in the Hadith is for offering absolute voluntary fasting in the second half of Sha`ban.