Resolutions of Iftaa' Board



Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 25-01-2018

Resolution No.(2) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:

“ Ruling on Donating Corneas ”

Date: 11/7/1404 AH; 11/4/1984 AD

 

Question:

What is the ruling on people who donate their corneas, after their death, to the blind?

Answer:

All perfect praise be to Allah; and may His blessings and peace be upon Prophet Mohammad and upon all his Family and Companions.

Principles of Islamic law permit making use of the dead peoples` corneas, by transplanting them in the eyes of the blind, or those in danger of becoming blind, within the following conditions:

1- Confirming the death of the donor.

2- Doctors assuming that the transplanting of the corneas will most probably be a success.

3- The deceased had given permission before he/she died, or his heirs permitted it.

Amongst the evidences, derived from Islamic law, permitting this matter are:

First: Transplanting organs from the deceased to the living safeguards human beings, which is one of the aims of Islamic law (Sharia).

Second: Undoubtedly, blindness, or losing sight is a damage that befalls a human being, and preventing it is a necessity, in Islamic law, that allows transplanting corneas of the deceased in the eyes of the living, and this goes in line with the agreed upon jurisprudential rulings such as: “Necessity knows no prohibitions “, “ Necessity is assessed by its degree, and “The milder of two harms is permissible in case of necessity “

Third: Transplanting the cornea of a deceased person in the eyes of a blind living person to regain his/her sight isn`t the kind of mutilation which has been forbidden by the Prophet(PBUH). He(PBUH) forbade the mutilation which humiliates the dead person and violates his/her honor. In light of Islamic Sharia, the dead person is honored by having donated his/her cornea since he/she will receive a recompense from Almighty Allah. Similarly, the living is honored by regaining his/her sight,  enjoying this favor bestowed upon him/her from Almighty Allah and thanking Him for it.

Therefore, Muslim jurists permit cutting open the belly of a dead pregnant woman in order to save her fetus who is most probably alive. They also permit cutting open the belly of a deceased who had swallowed the money of another person. They interpreted this permission as follows: “Honoring the living and safeguarding him/her take precedence over safeguarding the dead from mutilation .“Almighty Allah Said in the Holy Quran (What means) n: “Nor are alike those that are living and those that are dead.“ {Fatir/22}.

Fourth: Islamic Sharia encouraged people to seek treatment for the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Allah has sent down ailment and cure, and made a cure for each ailment, so seek treatment, but avoid forbidden cures“. Transplanting corneas of the dead in the eyes of the living is an act of treatment.

Fifth: Donating corneas to the blind is from charity that Sharia encouraged giving to those in need, for a blind person`s need for sight is greater than a poor person`s need for money, and his (the blind) need for food and drink. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said in this regard: “Whoever fulfilled the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever brought his (Muslim) brother out of a discomfort, Allah will bring him out of the discomforts of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever screened a Muslim, Allah will screen him on the Day of Resurrection, and whoever helps his (Muslim) brother Allah will help him.“ {Muslim}. And Allah Knows Best.

 

The Fatwa Committee

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Summarized Fatawaa

Generally speaking, I`m dutiful to my mother and opt for obeying her. However, she chose a certain girl to be my future wife, but I`m not pleased with her choice although that girl comes from a good family and enjoys good character. Should I obey my mother or choose another girl that lives up to my expectations?

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds.

One must obey their parents in whatever is in compliance with the teachings of Sharia and within one`s capacity. However, you aren`t to blame for not marrying that girl, but it is better that you tell your mother about that and it is preferable that you perform Istikharah prayer. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

Is it permissible to go to the bathroom wearing a necklace that has the word ”Allah” inscribed on it?

Anything that contains words pertaining to Allah, The Almighty, is desired to be left outside when going to the bathroom, or to be hidden for fear of losing it.

Who are the blood-relatives with whom kinship ties should be maintained?

Blood-relatives are those from the side of one`s father and mother: grandfathers, grandmothers, uncles, and aunts.

What is the ruling on the mother who resorts to practitioners of witchcraft to make her son hate his wife?

All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.

What she is doing is forbidden and amongst the seven destructive sins. Hence, she must make repentance, seek forgiveness from Allah, regret what she has done and adhere to the teachings of Sharia. And Allah the Almighty knows best.