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Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 02-11-2015

 

Resolution No.(120) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:

“ Proposed Amendments to the Draft Bill of the Medical Techniques that Aid in Giving Birth “

Date: 7/7/1429 AH, corresponding to 10/7/2008 AD.

 

 

 

The Board has reviewed, on the above date, the letter of His Excellency the chairman of the Legislation Bureau, No. (DT1/KK/32) on 18/9/2007, corresponding to 6th of Ramadan, 1428, as regards presenting the draft bill of the medical techniques, that aid in giving birth, before the Iftaa` Board for clarifying the ruling of Sharia in this regard.

Answer: All success is due to Allah.

After deliberations and thorough researching, the Board made the following remarks:

First: Article (10), which pertains to the formation of the technical committee for medical technology, and stipulates that: “ Two of its members should be specialized expert doctors in the field of medical techniques to act as representatives of the Medical association, nominated by its head.” In this regard, the Board reaffirms its earlier resolution No. (62/2006), 16/10/1427 AH, corresponding to 18/11/2006, which states that the aforementioned doctors are nominated as the Association`s Council because collective opinion  is better than individual opinion in such sensitive matters.

Article (10), paragraph (D) reads: “ The Minister may terminate the membership of any member in the above committee based on a recommendation by its head, and to ask the party which had nominated him to nominate someone else in his place. “ The Board reaffirms its previous resolution, which demands adding the phrase” with giving the reasons “ so as to maintain objectivity. Accordingly, this paragraph should read as follows: “ The Minister may terminate the membership of any member in the above committee based on a recommendation by its head, with giving the reasons, and to ask the party which had nominated him to nominate someone else in his place. “

Second: Article (11), which allows determining the sex of the embryo within certain restraints, where it reads: 

A.  Employing medical technology for commercial purposes, or for selecting the sex, or offspring of the embryo shall be banned.

B. Regardless of what`s mentioned in paragraph (A), the Committee may approve of allowing the concerned spouses to choose the sex of their baby once, on basis of inadmissibility to discriminate between the two sexes, in the following situations:

1-They have more than three babies from the same sex, whether males or females

2-Death of the embryo of the selected sex in his mother`s womb, or after delivery.

3-Medical reasons pertaining to genetic diseases related to the baby`s sex.

The Board believes that items 1 and 2 of paragraph (B) should be deleted since, in principle, a Muslim should be content with what Allah has ordained for him, males or females. In addition, this issue involves religious prohibitions such as allowing science to tamper with man, creating misbalance between the two sexes,  becoming subjected to mixing of lineage, and uncovering of private parts. However, there is no harm in keeping item three from paragraph (A), which reads: “ for medical reasons pertaining to genetic diseases related to the baby`s sex. “ This is because undergoing such treatment is allowable. Thus, this article should read as follows: “Employing medical technology for commercial purposes, or for selecting the sex, or offspring of the embryo shall be banned, save in case of genetic diseases related to the baby`s sex.

 

Third: Article (13), the Board reaffirms its previous resolution in adding a new paragraph to the list of the banned matters in this article. Thus, it should read as follows: “ Resorting to operations of mingled sperm and embryos as necessary to avoid mixing them with other ones, or getting used in a manner that violates this law, and consequently lead to mixing of parentage in both situations.

Fourth: Article (15), paragraph (B), which states: “ Mingled sperm, or embryos should be preserved for no more than ten years ,  through a written request submitted by the husband in case of mingled sperm, and the two spouses in case of embryos. “ The Board reaffirms its earlier resolution which indicates that the ten-year period is too long, and recommends limiting it until the success of the fertilization process, and the delivery of a sound baby as a result. Thus, this paragraph should read as follows: “Mingled sperm, or embryos should be preserved for no more than ten years ,  through a written request submitted by the husband in case of mingled sperm, and the two spouses in case of embryos, until the success of the fertilization process, and the delivery of a sound baby as a result. Unneeded mingled sperms and embryos are left until they die. “

 

Fifth: Article (16), which states: 

A. In spite of what is stated in articles (4,5), the Minister-by recommendation from the committee-may allow a non-married person, who is under treatment, or is about to undergo a medical procedure that may affect his ability to give birth, to have his sperms frozen in order to be used later on in a legal marriage, within the framework of medical techniques, and in accordance with the rules and provisions of this law. “

B. The sperms of the above person shall be destroyed in case he failed to pay the determined payment, restored his natural ability to  give birth, or died.

 

The Council reaffirms its previous resolution which recommends deleting this article because it is a condition that the mingled sperm procedure should be conducted during an existent legal marriage. And Allah knows best.

 

Iftaa` Council

 

Head of the Iftaa` Council

Chief Justice / Dr. Ahmed Muhammad Hilayil 

         Sheikh Abd al-Kareem al-Khusaawinah    Dr. Yusuf Ali Ghaythan

Sheikh Saeed Abd al-Hafiz al-Hijawi          Dr. Wasif al-Bakri

             Dr. Yaser al-Shamali                                   Dr. Abdulsalam Al-Abbadi

 

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