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Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 27-10-2015

Resolution No.(145) (10/2010) by the Board of Iftaa`, Research and Islamic Studies:
"Ruling when a Government Employee Accepts Personal Gifts"

Date: (17/8/1431A.H) (29/7/2010 A.D)
 

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions:
During its seventh session held on the above date, the Board reviewed the following question:
I`m a doctor in one of the public hospitals of Jordan, and a large number of medical representatives visit us(doctors) on regular basis. Actually, the medications that we prescribe to patients are very expensive, and  these representatives do their best to promote their products because there is a great deal of competition between the manufacturing  companies which provide different medications for the  same illness. They try to convince us to prescribe their products through favoring us with certain privileges such as gifts and dinner invitations in fancy restaurants. This is done under the pretext of  holding a lecture about a particular medication; however, the invitation targets our department. Or, they would invite us to attend a medical conference abroad at their own expense. Regardless of these temptations, we dispense the needed medications based on the patient`s situation. Is this bribery and should we turn such temptations down ? 

After careful study and deliberation, the Board decided what follows: 
It is prohibited for an employee to accept  personal gifts which are offered to him in return for delivering a certain service, and may affect  his judgment. Therefore, it is unlawful for doctors, or other employees to accept gifts from representatives of pharmaceutical companies because this could make them opt for prescribing their products based on the gift rather than the quality and effectiveness of the medication itself.
The degree of prohibition increases once the doctor prescribes the medication based on the gift that he had accepted; particularly, when a more effective and less expensive alternative is available, and  since the medical profession  has been originally founded to serve a noble purpose, it shouldn`t be exploited whatsoever in jeopardizing lives  in return for a little materialistic benefit. In this regard, Allah, The Almighty, says: “Help ye one another in righteousness and piety, but help ye not one another in sin and rancor. ‘{Al-Ma`ida/2}
As regards attending lectures that demonstrate the composition of a medication and its side effects, even those which include dinner, there is no harm in that so long as it doesn`t affect the doctor`s judgment concerning the suitable medication that needs to be prescribed. It is obligatory that he fears Allah when taking a decision, and that he  prescribes the best and  safest of  medications. If  he fails to do so, then he betrays the trust vested in him, and this is considered  one of the grave major sins. And Allah knows best.


Head of the Iftaa` Board, The Mufti General of the Hashemite Kingdom of  Jordan, His Grace Sheikh Abdulkareem Al-Khasawneh
Vice Head of the Iftaa` Board, Dr. Ahmad Hilayel
Dr.Yahia Al-Botoosh/ Member
His Eminence Sheikh Sa`eed Hijjawi/ Member
Dr. Moh. Khair Al-Essa/ Member
Judge Sar`ri Attieh/ Member
Dr. Abdulrahman Ib`bdah/ Member
Dr. Moh. Oklah Al-Ibraheem/ Member
Dr. Abduln`nassir Abu-Al basal/ Member
Dr. Mohammad  Al-khalaylah/ Member
Dr. Moh. Gharaibeh/ Member
Executive Secretary of the Iftaa` board, Dr, Ahmad Al-Hassanat

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