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Ramadan is a School of Ethics
Author : Dr. Hassan Abu_Arqoub
Date Added : 15-01-2024

Ramadan is a School of Ethics

 

Fasting is one of the five pillars of Islam, as explained by Prophet Mohammad, peace be upon him, who said: "Islam is built on five pillars: bearing witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah, and that Mohammad is His messenger, establishing the prayer, giving alms (Zakat), performing the pilgrimage to the House (Kaaba), and fasting during the month of Ramadan.'" (Transmitted by Bukhari & Muslim).

 

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is obligatory for every adult, sane, and capable Muslim, as stated by Allah, the Most High: "O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous – " {Al-Baqarah, 183}.

 

Undoubtedly, the performance of this great pillar has wisdom and benefits for the worshiper. One of the most important benefits is that the Muslim learns self-discipline in his actions and behaviors. During the daylight hours of Ramadan, he refrains from what is halal and permissible throughout the days of the other months, including food, drinks, and other lawful enjoyments. However, during Ramadan, he abstains from them in obedience to the command of Allah, despite having the ability to indulge in eating and drinking. This self-restraint is an embodiment of the concept of taqwa (piety), where one fears Allah both in private and in public.

 

Likewise, a person learns to distance themselves from prohibitions by restraining from permissible acts during the daylight hours, in obedience to Allah's command. This experience teaches one to avoid forbidden actions throughout the entire year, as the One who commands and prohibits is Allah.

Similarly, a person learns how to elevate themselves above succumbing to their desires, as they gain control over their consumption of food and drink. This enables the servant to rise above being a slave to their desires and instead become a servant of Allah alone, glorified and exalted. In this context, one can also break free from some of their bad habits, such as smoking or excessive eating and drinking.

 

In addition, fasting assists the one who remembers Allah and the one who recites the Quran in achieving more humility and contemplation. Through fasting, the servant is reminded of Allah's blessings, particularly food and drink. Moreover, it serves as a reminder for the servant to express gratitude for these blessings. Fasting also emphasizes the importance of time, as it involves adhering to specific timings for abstaining and breaking the fast.

It should be noted that fasting is not limited to abstaining from food, drink, and sexual desires since true fasting involves refraining from all prohibitions and forbidden actions. Otherwise, what is the use for abstaining from food and drink while consuming people's wealth unjustly through cheating, deception, or hoarding? What is the use for refraining from eating and drinking but not refraining from gossiping and accusing others of unchaste behavior? Fasting is a comprehensive form of moral education that should not be fragmented. Otherwise, a person will not grasp the true essence of fasting. This is evident in the saying of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him): "Whoever does not give up false speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink." (Transmitted by al-Bukhari).

 

In conclusion, fasting is a school of ethics that teaches individuals discipline, order, and organization. It instills the understanding that life is not merely about food and drink; there are greater aspects to it. Fasting encourages acts of kindness towards those in need, maintaining family ties, reading the Quran, praying during the day and night, gathering with loved ones and neighbors in mosques and community centers, practicing generosity and charity. It allows individuals to taste the sweetness of faith and comprehend the significance of connecting with Allah the Almighty.

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Summarized Fatawaa

Is a woman`s nephew by suckling considered a Mahram( i.e. unmarriageable)who is permitted to accompany her to Hajj?

All that is prohibited by lineage is prohibited by suckling, and a nephew by suckling is a Mahram like a nephew by lineage ;therefore, it is permissible for him to be a Mahram for his aunt in Hajj and Umrah.

Does ill-gotten money hinder the answering of the Du`a(supplication) and the means of subsistence?

Sins hinder the answering of the Du`a, and deprive the sinner from means of subsistence; whereas, acts of obedience facilitate making a living. Allah, The Almighty, says in the Holy Quran: “And for those who fear God, He (ever) prepares a way out. And He provides for him from (sources) he never could imagine.”{At-Talaq/2-3}.

Are dream interpretation books accurate?

All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
Dream interpretation books are unreliable because they are merely expectations, not rulings of Sharia. However, if one sees a dream which one does not like, one should spit on one's left side and seek the refuge of Allah from the satan; it will not do one any harm, and one should not disclose it to anyone. If one sees a good vision, one should feel pleased but should not disclose it to anyone but whom one loves. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

Is it permissible to pay the Fitr Zakah(obligatory charity) of Ramadhaan on behalf of a dead person?

The Fitr Zakah of Ramadhaan isn`t due on one who had passed away before the sunset of the last day of Ramadhaan.