Resolutions of Iftaa' Board



Resolutions of Iftaa' Board

Date Added : 02-11-2015

Resolution No.(36):
 "Ruling on Migrating from Palestine“
Date: 4/1/1414 AH corresponding to 24/6/1993 AD.

All perfect praise is due to Allah, The Lord of The Worlds; and may His blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
The Board convened on the above date and reviewed an article issued by a researcher of Sharia Sciences, living in Amman, who deems that it is an obligation on the people of Palestine to migrate from it under the pretext that they are being oppressed by a polytheist enemy, and in order to follow in the footsteps of the Prophet (PBUH) and the honorable companions when they migrated from Makkah to Medina. On their part, members of the Board of Iftaa` have agreed that such an opinion is a lapse on the part of the writer, and it shouldn`t be adopted or acted upon because this person is unaware of the situation in Palestine, and haven`t exercised patience to make sure that it is parallel to the situation of the early Muslims in Makkah before their migration to Medina.
The Board stresses that it isn`t permissible for the people of Palestine to migrate or leave the Holy Land to the Jews because their staying there is considered Jihad in the cause of Allah, and for that they will receive the reward of the steadfast. Moreover, their standing up to the enemy is Jihad as well, and for that, they will receive the reward of those fighting in the cause of Allah. Those killed because of resisting this enemy are considered martyrs who are living with their Lord, by Him sustained. In addition, every act that strengthens the steadfastness of the people of Palestine supports those fighting there, and this is considered Jihad in the Cause of Allah. The Board would like to point out that there are several differences between the situation of Muslims in Palestine and that of early Muslims in Makkah before their migration (Hijrah):
1- Palestine is an Islamic territory, and the Jews are trying to take it by force, dominate it and alter its identity; therefore; it is a duty for all Muslims to stand up to them by every means possible. This is the responsibility of the People of Palestine in the first degree, then the neighboring Islamic countries closest to it and so on; whereas, polytheists inhabited Makkah and Muslims were trying to dominate them, but when they failed to achieve that, they migrated to Abyssinia, then to Medina.
2- Migration to Abyssinia wasn`t an obligation, rather it was an option for those who wanted to be spared the torture of the polytheists. However, when the Islamic state was established in Medina, migration to Medina has become an obligation on every Muslim capable of that, whether he was in Makkah or anywhere else. This is because migrating to Medina wasn`t intended for refuge only, but was also meant to provide the Islamic state with workforce and financing. Therefore, this issue was repealed when Islam dominated in Makkah and other places of the Arabian Peninsula, and Palestinians nowadays can`t find a place similar to Medina to migrate to.
3- Migrating to Medina was an order issued by the ruler of Muslims; Prophet Mohammad who did what was in the best interest of Muslims. However, today Muslim rulers and scholars, who are acquainted with the Palestinian situation, agree that the best interest lies in the steadfastness of Muslims in Palestine to preserve the Islamic identity there, awaiting a relief from Allah.
4- Jews don`t ban Muslims from observing religious rituals, performing acts of worship or adhering to the rules of Sharia; however, they ban them from Jihad. Meanwhile, the polytheists of Makkah used to ban the weak Muslims from performing any act of worship related to Islam.
5- Emptying Palestine from its Muslim people is the aim of Jewish leaders and rulers because it is in their best interest and paves the way for executing their plots. Consequently, it is the duty of every Muslim to weaken the plan of the disbelievers.
6- The Board of Iftaa` confirms that what this researcher did was a lapse, and had he known its consequences, he wouldn`t have made it. The Board also calls on all Muslims not to take all that is said as regards religion for granted since what is lawful is clear and what is unlawful is also clear. Piety is that which contents the soul and comforts the heart, and sin is that which causes doubts and perturbs the heart.
7- The Board supports the Jihad of our people in Palestine, our brothers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and in every Muslim country. It blesses their honorable stands and calls upon all Muslims to support them as much as possible. Besides, pleasing Allah is our sole quest. And Allah Knows Best.

 

Chairman of the Iftaa` Board, Chief Justice Izzaddeen Al-Tamimi
Acting Mufti General, Sheikh Saeid Hijjawi
Mufti General of Jordanian Armed Forces: Mhamood Shwayat
Dr. Ali Al-Faqheer
Dr. Mahmood Al-Sartawi           
Dr. Moh. Na`eim Yaseen           
Secretary General of Awqaaf Ministry, Dr. Ahmad Hilayel
Sheikh Ratib Az-zahir       
Sheikh Ibrahim Khash-shaan                   

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Summarized Fatawaa

I`m a university student. While I was sitting for an exam, the professor caught my fellow student cheating. I heard him telling her to hide the dossier. After the exam, he asked me to testify that I saw her cheating although I heard him telling her to hide the dossier but didn`t see her cheating. What is the ruling of Sharia on this?

All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of The Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
It was narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said to a man: "Do you see the sun?" He replied: "Yes." He said: "Give witness in a similar case [which is as clear as the sun], or leave it." [Reported by Al-Baihaqhi in "Sho`ab Al-Eman" pp.10964]. Therefore, it is not permissible to testify about something that you haven`t actually seen. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

My mother inherited a share from my late father`s and brother`s property; however, the inheritance, a piece of land, wasn`t divided amongst the eligible heirs because it was hard to sell. While alive, she used say that she wanted these shares to be distributed amongst the poor and needy. What is the ruling of Sharia on this?

All perfect praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad, sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is His slave and Messenger.
This is a will, so we have to consider the estate she had left behind. If the piece of land, which she had willed, equals one third and less of her estate, then the will must be executed. But, if it is more than one third, then one third must be executed and the rest of the estate, if the heirs agreed, is to be executed  as part of her will as well. However, if the heirs haven`t approved of that, then what remains, excluding that one third, must be divided amongst them according to the Islamic rules of inheritance. Moreover, we recommend that you pay a visit to the Iftaa` Department to make things clearer for you. And Allah the Almighty knows best.

Is it lawful or unlawful to take payment of key money?

Praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
If the lease contract has expired and the lessor refrained from renewing it, then the tenant is obliged to leave the property for nothing. And Allah the Almighty knows best.

A man has married a second wife and deprived the first from maintenance and overnight stay. He spent most of his time and wealth on his second wife. After sometime, the latter got sick and was diagnosed with breast cancer, which made him forsake her in bed and return to his first wife. What is the position of Sharia on this?

All perfect praise be to Allah the Lord of the Worlds. May His peace and blessings be upon Prophet Mohammad and upon all his family and companions.
It is forbidden for a woman to forsake her husband in bed without a lawful excuse since this is one of the mutual rights of spouses. When the wife abstains from making love to her husband without a lawful excuse, she is considered sinful. This is because the Prophet (PBUH) said: "If a woman spends the night deserting her husband's bed (does not sleep with him), then the angels send their curses on her till she comes back (to her husband)." [Agreed upon]. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.