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Articles


Islamic Ruling on Begging

Author : The General Iftaa` Department

Date Added : 12-03-2023


 

Begging is a hateful phenomenon that harms the reputation of society, disturbs and distorts its image, and makes the beggar look needy and humiliated. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) forbade that a Muslim humiliates himself where he said: "It is not for the believer to humiliate himself." {Transmitted by Tirmithi}.

He (PBUH) warned against begging and discouraged such an act because a beggar loses face in this life and the hereafter. Bukhari and Muslim reported that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "When a man is always begging from people the result will be that he will come on the day of resurrection with no flesh on his face.”

Islam is keen on preserving human dignity and protecting it against humiliation and wretchedness, so we warn against begging, as it is incompatible with dignity that Allah The Almighty Has honored humans with as He, The Almighty Said (What means): "We have honoured the sons of Adam" {Al-Isra`/70}.

In addition, it is forbidden for the one who owns money that suffices their need or who is able to make a living to resort to begging, be that for money of Zakah, charity, or expiation, and it is forbidden to take it. Al-Shabramoulsi said: "If the beggar showed poverty and the giver thought that he was as such then what he was given isn`t his because he has tricked the giver who thought that he was poor. The proof of this is that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "He who begs to increase his riches is in fact asking only for a live coal. It is up to him to decrease it or increase it." [Muslim]. And he (PBUH) said: "When you ask (for anything), ask it from Allah, and if you seek help, seek help from Allah.” Accordingly, the one who practices this ugly profession eats up people`s wealth unjustly and feeds his children using ill-gotten money.

 

Young children and women sent by their guardians to beg at traffic lights and the doors of houses of worship distort the beautiful image of our blessed country. They even live on the streets barefooted, wear vulgar clothes, show destituteness and humiliation to turn people's emotions and deceive them to think that hunger drove them to do this.

Islam has tackled this abusive phenomenon by prohibiting begging, encouraging work and production, and making man`s best meal that which he has earned by working with his own hands. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one's own hands, and the Prophet of Allah David (PBUH) used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor." {Bukhari}.

One who is needy should turn to the concerned authorities in our country. The beggar takes people's money unrightfully and will be held to account for that Before Almighty Allah on the Day of Judgment. The Jordanian law regards begging without a lawful excuse a crime for which a person deserves punishment because it is eating up people's wealth unjustly, in addition to being a means of deception. Moreover, people should stop giving beggars and the latter should be preached not to eat people's wealth unjustly. And Allah The Almighty Knows Best.

 

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