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15 ذو القعدة 1440  ,  18 تموز 2019

Articles


Mawlid: Revival of the Islamic Nation

Author : An Article by His Grace Dr. Mohammad Al-Khalayleh

Date Added : 19-11-2018


Mawlid: Revival of the Islamic Nation

 


By Grand Mufti of Jordan,
Dr. Mohammad Al-Khalayleh


Upon the arrival of the month of Rabi al-Awwal, Prophet Mohammad`s birth anniversary (Mawlid) arouses overwhelming emotions in the hearts of all Muslims reminding them of a history, a present reality and a future.

That history started before the Prophet (PBUH) was even born in the Arabian Peninsula. He (PBUH) is a descendent of the Prophet Ismail (PBUH) from Bani Kinana, from Quraish, from Bani Hashim; the best of the best and the noblest of tribes in respect to lineage. 

While the Arabian Peninsula was preoccupied with tribal warfare, the Persians and the Romans were in the vanguard of civilizational procession; followed by the Greeks and the Indians. Those civilizations had their share of scientific, cultural and philosophical products that had a significant impact on the making of a full-fledged human civilization.

The Prophet (PBUH) was born on the 12th of Rabi al-Awwal, in the 'Year of the Elephant'. Upon his delivery, his Mother Aminah saw a light that illuminated what`s between the east and the west. A light that had later infiltrated the illiterate nation of the Arabian Peninsula: a light of knowledge, civilization, mercy, good morality and justice. The first verse revealed to the Prophet (PBUH) was, “Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists).” It gave life to the illiterate nation as well as the Arabian Peninsula announcing a turning point from illiteracy to knowledge, civilization, urbanization, good conduct and universal values. The Islamic civilization was so advanced that it overshined that of the Persians, Romans, Greeks and the Indians. It has established the general principles of human civilization, and liberated human beings from the yoke of slavery and despotism. This is reflected in the words of the Caliph Omar Bin Al-Khattab, “Since when did you enslave the people though they were born from their mothers in freedom?”

Islam has also created a system for the family, and established, for humanity, the principles of fraternity, religious tolerance, equity and equality.

The contributions of the Islamic nation in the fields of science, arts, literature and philosophy have enriched the human civilization, and this was even recognized by non-Muslims. For example, The German historian Siegrid Honke wrote the book, "The Sun of the Arabs Shines over the West." Will Durant has also written the book, "The Story of Civilization."

In his book, "Arabs Civilization," Gustave Le Bon said, "If we take a closer look at the Arab and Muslim civilization, scientific books, inventions and arts, we arrive at the conclusion that they have the credit for the spread of knowledge in the middle ages. For over than five centuries, they were the sole source of scientific knowledge for the west. They have even civilized Europe materially, intellectually and morally, in addition to taking the lead in the field of artistic creativity.

The Islamic civilization, whose foundations were set by non-other than Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), has addressed the various intellectual, psychological, spiritual, physical and material needs of humanity.

His call to Allah was founded on the achievements of the elite Muslim scholars in different fields, such as al-Khawarizmi, Ibn al-Haytham, al-Idrisi,  al-Rāzī , Ibn Sina… and many others; where the Europeans have utilized the latter`s achievements in building their own civilization. 

The orientalist George Sarton in his book, "Introduction to the History of Science", also recognized their distinguished accomplishments. He said, "The greater portions of the tasks of the human intellect were shouldered by the Muslims: Al-Farabi is the greatest of philosophers, Al-Masoodi is the greatest of Geographers and al-Tabari is the greatest of historians."

Yes, on this occasion we remember a past glory of the Arabs and the Muslims and feel a sense of superiority, dignity and pride. However, a quick overview of our current situation would make us feel disappointed. At present, Muslims and Arabs are living a bitter reality as division, weakness and intra-conflicts dominate them.  They have become in the rear of human civilization although they are the nation of (Read) and the seal of Messengers and Prophets.

In light of this harsh reality, we remember the beautiful attributes of our beloved Prophet (PBUH), and his tremendous efforts in elevating and uniting the Islamic nation. He (PBUH) said, "I have left two matters with you. As long as you hold to them, you will not go the wrong way. They are the Book of Allah and the Sunna of His Prophet."

No matter what the case may be, the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (PBUH) are the one and only solution for all our problems and suffice to raise our morale. Allah, The Almighty, said, "And hold fast, all together, by the rope which God (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves"{Al-Imran, 103}. In addition, the Prophet (PBUH) said, "and seek help from Allah and do not lose heart,"{Related by Muslim}. Allah, The Exalted, also said, "Such days (of varying fortunes) We give to men and men by turns"{Al-Imran, 140} and "When will that be?" Say, "May be it will be quite soon!"{Al-Isra`, 51}.

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