Subject : Difference between a Masjid and a Musalla and Rulings Pertaining to each
Fatwa Number : 2064
Date : 12-06-2012
Classified : "Waqf "Property Endowed for Charitable Causes
Fatwa Type : Search Fatawaa

Question :

What is the definition of Musalla according to Sharia, what is the difference between it and the Masjid, and what are the rulings that differ between them such as Friday prayer, and is it permissible to add new floors to the Musalla ?

The Answer :

Praise be to Allah, prayer and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah and upon all his family and companions.

 Every part of the earth, which is valid for performing prayer (Salah) , is a Mosque (Masjid) for the Prophet ( PBUH) said: “The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum.” { Al-Bukhari }.

The Masjid which is governed by jurisprudential (Fiqh) rulings, is the place endowed (Muquf for prayer i.e. specifically restricted for praye. As for the Musalla (area allocated for prayer), it is the place of Salah and supplication, and it does not have to be endowed ( Muquf), but could be so among other things .Therefore, the Musalla includes the Masjid and other places since every Masjid is a Musalla, but not every Musalla is a Masjid. The Masjid differs from the Musalla in the following aspects:

First: The Masjid – as we have mentioned - : is the place allocated for prayer, thus cannot be sold and the like. Al-Imam Al-Nawawi said: “The possession of the (Muquf) becomes that of Allah. “ { Minhaj Al-Talibeen pp.170 }.However, a Musalla can be sold, or transferred to somewhere else and can be a rented place.

Second: A menstruating woman and a ritually impure person ( Junub) are prohibited from staying in the Masjid ;whereas, they are allowed to stay in the Musalla. Al-Imam Al-Nawawi said: “ What is prohibited in the state of minor impurity ( requires ablution ) is definitely prohibited in the state of major impurity (requires Ghusul-purificatory bath) i.e. these people are allowed to pass through the Masjid, but they are not allowed to stay in it” {Minhaj Al-Talibeen vol.1, pp.12)}.



Warning: this window is not dedicated to receive religious questions, but to comment on topics published for the benefit of the site administrators—and not for publication. We are pleased to receive religious questions in the section "Send Your Question". So we apologize to readers for not answering any questions through this window of "Comments" for the sake of work organization. Thank you.